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Housing Estate Tutorial
This tutorial uses the functions found in the Housing Estate Design section; under the Platforms main heading. They are grouped together under the generic term Estate.

After lengthy consultation with a number of designers to determine current best practice, Estate was designed and implemented in such a way to computerize the best aspects of the time proven manual process.

Estate follows the iterative manual process commonly used by estate designers in which the following major steps were identified.

• Break the en-globo land parcel into a number of 'blocks' representing the areas of land between proposed streets
• Divide the 'blocks' into individual 'lots' or parcels.
• Allocate design heights to lots, or groups of lots.
• Locate and assign heights to the junction or intersection points of the roads between the blocks.
• Locate and assign heights to the edges of the roads formed through the junction points by applying cross grades from the centreline
• Form a Digital Terrain Model of the proposed design.
• Check prospective Drainage flows from the design contours.
• Adjust heights of lots or junction points where necessary and re-form model
• Calculate Earthwork Quantities.
Estate works in conjunction with CDS-Cogo and CDS-Model to provide a cost-effective tool to solve a time consuming problem.
House Lot Design

You select individual lots, or a group of adjoining lots by pointing to them on the screen.
You then enter your required design level and all the points contained in the selected lots are automatically updated.
To overcome the potential problem where adjoining lots are at different levels, CDS-Estate creates an internal perimeter of the chosen group of lots, and offsets it by an amount you specify.
This small offset inside each particular 'design pad' is essential to avoid the 'vertical wall ambiguity' that can cause problems or create errors in all terrain modelling packages.
The Road Junction Design provides a tabular entry format to allow you to quickly and easily define the location and required design level of all road junction points.

You simply enter the distance and offset relative to existing block corner points into the table, and all points are calculated and stored in a simple operation.

If you need to alter road widths, it is a simple matter to alter a value in the table and re-apply it to re-position the junction points.
The Road Grading facility also provides you with a tabular format to allow you to easily specify the width and cross grades for roads within the project.

You specify each road by a string of the junction points defined previously.

You enter the relevant cross fall for each road in tabular format that makes it easy to make changes when design criteria alter.

Once the table is completed and applied, the relevant points, with their correct design levels are added to the database to allow the design model to be formed.
A worked Example
We have been given the following data ( see job "HouseLot" in the tutorial directory) and been asked to design the housing blocks as shown below. The first step is to design the appropriate heights of each individual block. As the land is relatively flat and the blocks relatively small it is best to design each block so that it is flat.
 In this example the design height was calculated by inspection. The natural base surface was triangulated. By running the cursor over the area of each block an intuitive height was obtained.Once we have decided on the appropriate heights it is time to add them in for all of the available housing lots. Under the strings menu press the select by single selection and select a lot on the screen. Make sure that the design surface is set to the surface number of the new design surface. If this is incorrect the discon strings created will be
 on the incorrect surface. It is possible however to cut and paste them later to the correct surface if a mistake is made here. The next value needed to be entered is the Design Height. This is the pre-decided value for the building lot. When this function runs it creates a string of points inside the selected string. The distance is the offset value shown in the dialog. This avoids numerical problems at the lot edges by avoiding the vertical wall ambiguity. Once these values have been entered hit the apply button and the dialog closes down.
The previous lot string is still high lighted. Hit the escape key to remove it from the selection list. Select the next string of the screen and repeat the process. Do this for every string that is needed to be done.
 The next step is to triangulate and contour the design surface. In this case we specified surface 2 as our design. Change to surface 2 and create some triangles. In the surface parameters change the major contour interval to 1 metre and the minor to 0.1 metre. This way we will have more contours to look at. Run the create contours and save the contours produced.If you look at the screen you need to visually check that no contours are running across any building lots. If so there is a problem somewhere
and needs to be investigated. As in all tutorials everything is correct so far. In the job above you will notice that there are some design triangles extending around the edges of the job and also in the bowl area. Select the offending triangles by the select triangles by intersecting line button and highlight them. Hit the delete key and when you are happy reform the triangles. As a final check run your cursor around the job and note that the design heights shown in the bottom right correspond to the actual lot heights as designed.
In this case I created a new surface 3 and called it combined. I then merged surface 2 and 3 and viewed this surface 3 in the 3D views window. The following result was obtained. You will notice that no contours cross the lots as expected.
We will also run the volumes between two surfaces here to check the amount of cut and fill that needs to be moved. The result is shown below in italics
Foresight Software Pty Ltd
Calculation of Volumes Between Surfaces

Date: 25/09/2002

Base Job : C:\Program Files\Foresight Software\CDS\TUTOR\db.cl1 Surface: Surface2 (Natural)
Overlay Job: C:\Program Files\Foresight Software\CDS\TUTOR\db.cl1 Surface: Surface5 (Combined)

Fill Surface Area : 11927.363 sq. metres
Fill Area: 11882.669 sq. metres Fill Volume : 1003.978 cubic metres

Cut Surface Area : 9005.500 sq. metres
Cut Area: 8965.006 sq. metres Cut Volume : -1132.602 cubic metres

Matching Surface Area : 2843.928 sq. metres
Matching Area : 2842.974 sq. metres

In this case we are happy with the result. If there is too big a discrepancy it is possible to do the volumes for each lot in turn by specifying a bounding string in the volume between surfaces calculations.